'] . '" ' . $item_id; if( !empty($content['option']['background']) || !empty($padding) ){ echo 'style="'; if( !empty($content['option']['background-type']) && $content['option']['background-type'] == 'full-color' ){ echo !empty($content['option']['background'])? 'background-color: ' . $content['option']['background'] . '; ': ''; } echo $border; echo $padding; echo '" '; } echo '>'; $inner_container = false; $inner_style = ''; if( empty($content['option']['background-type']) || $content['option']['background-type'] == 'color' ){ $inner_container = true; $inner_style = ' style="background-color: ' . $content['option']['background'] . ';" '; } echo '
'; echo ($inner_container)? '
': ''; foreach( $content['items'] as $item ){ if( $item['item-type'] == 'wrapper' ){ gdlr_print_column_wrapper( $item ); }else{ gdlr_print_item( $item ); } } echo '
'; echo ($inner_container)? '
': ''; echo '
'; // close container echo ''; // close wrapper } } // print parallax wrapper if( !function_exists('gdlr_print_parallax_wrapper') ){ function gdlr_print_parallax_wrapper( $content ){ global $parallax_wrapper_id; $parallax_wrapper_id = empty($parallax_wrapper_id)? 1: $parallax_wrapper_id; if( empty($content['option']['page-item-id']) ){ $content['option']['page-item-id'] = 'gdlr-parallax-wrapper-' . $parallax_wrapper_id; $parallax_wrapper_id++; } $item_id = ' id="' . $content['option']['page-item-id'] . '" '; global $gdlr_spaces; $padding = (!empty($content['option']['padding-top']) && ($gdlr_spaces['top-wrapper'] != $content['option']['padding-top']))? 'padding-top: ' . $content['option']['padding-top'] . '; ': ''; $padding .= (!empty($content['option']['padding-bottom']) && ($gdlr_spaces['bottom-wrapper'] != $content['option']['padding-bottom']))? 'padding-bottom: ' . $content['option']['padding-bottom'] . '; ': ''; $border = ''; if( !empty($content['option']['border']) && $content['option']['border'] != 'none' ){ if($content['option']['border'] == 'top' || $content['option']['border'] == 'both'){ $border .= ' border-top: 4px solid '. $content['option']['border-top-color'] . '; '; } if($content['option']['border'] == 'bottom' || $content['option']['border'] == 'both'){ $border .= ' border-bottom: 4px solid '. $content['option']['border-bottom-color'] . '; '; } } $content['option']['show-section'] = !empty($content['option']['show-section'])? $content['option']['show-section']: ''; echo '
'; if( !empty($content['option']['background-mobile']) ){ if( is_numeric($content['option']['background-mobile']) ){ $background = wp_get_attachment_image_src($content['option']['background-mobile'], 'full'); $background = $background[0]; }else{ $background = $content['option']['background-mobile']; } echo ''; } // background pattern }else if($content['option']['type'] == 'pattern'){ $background = GDLR_PATH . '/images/pattern/pattern-' . $content['option']['pattern'] . '.png'; echo 'style="background-image: url(\'' . $background . '\'); ' . $padding . $border . '" >'; // background video }else if( $content['option']['type'] == 'video' ){ echo 'style="' . $padding . $border . '" >'; global $gdlr_gallery_id; $gdlr_gallery_id++; $overlay_opacity = (empty($content['option']['video-overlay']))? 0: floatval($content['option']['video-overlay']); echo ''; // background video / none }else if(!empty($padding) || !empty($border) ){ echo 'style="' . $padding . $border . '" >'; } echo '
'; foreach( $content['items'] as $item ){ if( $item['item-type'] == 'wrapper' ){ gdlr_print_column_wrapper( $item ); }else{ gdlr_print_item( $item ); } } echo '
'; echo '
'; // close container echo '
'; // close wrapper } } // print full size wrapper if( !function_exists('gdlr_print_full_size_wrapper') ){ function gdlr_print_full_size_wrapper( $content ){ $item_id = empty($content['option']['page-item-id'])? '': ' id="' . $content['option']['page-item-id'] . '" '; global $gdlr_spaces; $padding = (!empty($content['option']['padding-top']) && ($gdlr_spaces['top-full-wrapper'] != $content['option']['padding-top']))? 'padding-top: ' . $content['option']['padding-top'] . '; ': ''; $padding .= (!empty($content['option']['padding-bottom']) && ($gdlr_spaces['bottom-wrapper'] != $content['option']['padding-bottom']))? 'padding-bottom: ' . $content['option']['padding-bottom'] . '; ': ''; $border = ''; if( !empty($content['option']['border']) && $content['option']['border'] != 'none' ){ if($content['option']['border'] == 'top' || $content['option']['border'] == 'both'){ $border .= ' border-top: 4px solid '. $content['option']['border-top-color'] . '; '; } if($content['option']['border'] == 'bottom' || $content['option']['border'] == 'both'){ $border .= ' border-bottom: 4px solid '. $content['option']['border-bottom-color'] . '; '; } } $background = !empty($content['option']['background'])? ' background-color: ' . $content['option']['background'] . '; ': ''; $content['option']['show-section'] = !empty($content['option']['show-section'])? $content['option']['show-section']: ''; $style = (!empty($padding) || !empty($border) || !empty($background))? ' style="' . $padding . $border . $background . '" ': ''; echo '
'; foreach( $content['items'] as $item ){ if( $item['item-type'] == 'wrapper' ){ gdlr_print_column_wrapper( $item ); }else{ gdlr_print_item( $item ); } } echo '
'; echo '
'; // close wrapper } } // get column class if( !function_exists('gdlr_get_column_class') ){ function gdlr_get_column_class( $size ){ switch( $size ){ case '1/9': return 'one-ninth column'; break; case '1/8': return 'one-eighth column'; break; case '1/7': return 'one-seventh column'; break; case '1/6': return 'two columns'; break; case '1/5': return 'one-fifth column'; break; case '1/4': return 'three columns'; break; case '2/5': return 'two-fifth columns'; break; case '1/3': return 'four columns'; break; case '1/2': return 'six columns'; break; case '3/5': return 'three-fifth columns'; break; case '2/3': return 'eight columns'; break; case '3/4': return 'nine columns'; break; case '4/5': return 'four-fifth columns'; break; case '1/1': return 'twelve columns'; break; default : return 'twelve columns'; break; } } } // print column wrapper if( !function_exists('gdlr_print_column_wrapper') ){ function gdlr_print_column_wrapper( $content ){ echo '
'; foreach( $content['items'] as $item ){ gdlr_print_item( $item ); } echo '
'; // end of column section } } ?> Fog Harvesting - Writemore
14
Jul
2018

Fog Harvesting

Fogs have the potential to provide an alternative source of fresh water in dry regions and can be harvested through the use of simple and low-cost collection systems.

Fog harvesting technology consists of a single or double layer mesh net supported by two posts rising from the ground. Mesh panels can vary in size. The collector and conveyance system functions due to gravity. Water droplets that collect on the mesh run downwards and drip into a gutter pipe at the bottom of the net, from where they are channeled through pipes to a storage tank. This collected water can then be used for agricultural, irrigation and domestic use.

Countries like Chile, Peru , Ecuador, South Africa, China, Mexico, Kenya, Oman, Sri Lanka and many other countries have already started using this technology.

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